I’d written originally this in August 2019 with a bit of foresight of a pending recession.
I wrote this primarily for myself. Multiple reviewers have mentioned that they found it immensely useful, so sharing it with you here!
Unfortunately, I didn’t follow some of the important notes here myself. Hope you do better than me!!!
You work in a tech career e.g. engineers, product managers, designers
Are 2-7 years out of college, probably don’t have kids
Living in Indian Tier 1 or 2 city like Bangalore, Delhi, Bombay, Jaipur or Chennai
You can do this. And you do not need to rely on some CA or a relative or your father
Do your homework. Kill your gut instinct with mounds of calculations before deciding
You are a fracking adult. Overcome your fear and learn a bit of Excel magic
Don’t expect early wins. Early win is you not being homeless
Three to Takeaway
Pay less than 30% of your income in rent and recurring expenses
Spend less than 40% of your income in all expenses, other than rent and healthcare
Save 50% or more of your post-tax income in long term investments
Get to Default Alive is good advice for people and startups
Pay off any personal debt like credit card debt
Spend on “owned” entertainment i.e. downloaded movies or music which you can see » Netflix/Spotify
If you have kids, pay off their school/tutoring fees upfront and negotiate a discount
If you have high living expenses e.g. clothes, dining out, gauche groceries - please stop ordering free-delivery-but-expensive food from Swiggy/Zomato!
Read blogs like FIRE focused blogs like Money Mustache. They’ve been prepping for a recession since 2017
Health & Family
Buy health insurance, life insurance - term insurance. Never ULIPs
Buy accident and personal insurance please.
Get your health check up done regularly - prevention is cheaper than curing
If you’re delaying “going to the gym” or therapy - do it now. You might not be able to afford it later. Buy your Gym/Fitness class subscription long term
At least 50% of your Income for long term
Keep 6 months of your expense rate, in a Liquid Fund. Not cash.
Cash in your savings account is bad. FD/RDs are worse - you’re losing money to inflation and taxes
If you are in the 30% tax bracket, you need to invest in an FD offering at least 10% to get a positive inflation adjusted return.
No FD gives a 10% return, you just lose 2-4% every year.
Don’t try to time the dip - that is how at least 2 lakh people lost money in India
Even God cannot beat DCA i.e. SIPs win over lump sum, always
Automate and schedule everything you can - your savings via SIPs
Beware of the fees - invest in direct MFs (NOT Regular) via a discount brokerage like Zerodha
Opinion: Exchange Traded Funds > Direct MFs
Gold ETFs > Physical Gold; Gold can be a golden investment in a recession
Understand terms like debt, liquid, equity and duration like ultra short to long term
Money Box: Bonuses
Make sure your spouse, parents and grandparents don’t prey fall to opportunistic vultures. Or are doing something egregious like investing in regular MFs, trying to time the DIP. Please get over yourself and talk money with them.
If you need a safety net, they need too. Don’t let them accidentally destroy their safety nets.
Career Safety Net
- Read your employment contract for details e.g.
* How much notice period do you have?
* If you are fired on the spot, can the company delay salary?
* Do you have a non-compete?
* How were the people who left recently treated?
* Reminder: Your ESOPs are [not worth anything](https://tldroptions.io/)
Build some Network Capital
Build some Career Capital
In a recession you have 3 full time jobs:
- Your day job, managing your finances unemotionally, figuring out where to go
Want more? Paranoid?
Figure out your monthly expense, instead of 6x’ing it, 12x it
Pay off your house rent in advance, negotiate to get a discount that way
Meditate. Lose your mind, lose your money. Maybe begin with Headspace or Calm.
Keep this split across at least 2 banks in India - 1 private like ICICI, one PSU like SBI, keep about 2 month runway in cash. To avoid YesBank situations.
Get a bank account without a debit card, and only cheque option to withdraw
Off the Record
Sometimes the best move is to not play the game at all.
For example, getting out of the country, even within the same country: moving from Bengaluru to Varkala can be a huge income saver for most techies,
You can also pause the “society” game to win: go into monk mode instead of going after girls, delay your arrange wedding, if married - delay kids by a year or two, etc.
Special thanks to Gokul Krishnan for suggesting an entire section, several insights and a very detailed review. Thanks Meghana Bhange for positive encouragement and feel good vibes!